Threat Detection and Prevention

2021.1

In order to preserve the integrity of data that LifeOmic stores, processes, or transmits for Customers, LifeOmic implements strong intrusion detection tools and policies to proactively track and retroactively investigate unauthorized access. This include threat detection and prevention at both the network and host level, as well as threat intelligence monitoring.

Policy Statements

LifeOmic policy requires that:

(a) All critical systems, assets and environments must implement realtime threat detection or prevention.

Controls and Procedures

System Malware Protection

  1. All end-user workstations and production systems must have antivirus running. The default anti-malware solution used is Carbon Black PSC.

    • Next generation endpoint protection agent may be used as an equivalent solution.
    • Hosts are scanned continuously for malicious binaries in critical system paths. Additionally, if supported, the agent is set to scan system every 2 hours and at reboot to assure no malware is present.
    • The malware signature database is kept up to date, changes are pushed continuously.
    • Logs of virus scans and alerts are maintained according to the requirements outlined in System Auditing.
  2. Detected malware is evaluated and removed following the established incident response process.

  3. All systems are to only be used for LifeOmic business needs.

Firewall Protection

Firewall protection is implemented at the following layers

  • Network - including Network ACL and Security Groups in AWS as well as on- premise firewalls between the office networks and the Internet.

  • Host - local firewalls are enabled on the user endpoints as well as servers (compute and database instances in AWS are protected by security groups)

  • Application - web application firewall (WAF) and content distribution are configured at the application layer to protect against common web application attacks such as cross site scripting, injection and denial-of-service attacks.

Network Intrusion Detection

Intrusion Detection for On-Premise Internal Networks

  • LifeOmic leverages Ubiquiti for network security of its on-premise environments.
  • Ubiquity features stateful firewall inspection and intrusion detection/prevention (IDS/IPS) of applicable incoming and outgoing network traffic. Attacks and suspicious network activities are blocked automatically.
  • LifeOmic IT manager is responsible for configuring the firewall and IDS/IPS rules and review the configuration as least quarterly.

Intrusion Detection in AWS Cloud Environments

LifeOmic implemented a real-time threat detection solution by monitoring AWS CloudTrail events and/or VPC flow logs.

  • CloudTrail events are monitored through SumoLogic
  • VPC flow logs are sent to and analyzed by AWS GuardDuty.

Additional monitoring is provided by our infrastructure service provider AWS.

Host Intrusion Detection

Host based intrusion detection is supported via one of the following:

  • On MacOS systems: AWS Inspector and Crowdstrike agents for malware detection and behavior-based endpoint threat detection.

  • On Linux servers: AWS Inspector and Crowdstrike agents for activity monitoring, vulnerability scanning, and threat detection. This includes all virtual instances running in the cloud environment.

Web Application Protection

LifeOmic leverages AWS Services to protect web applications against common attacks such as SQL injection, cross-site scripting, and denial-of-service (DoS/DDoS) attacks. The services used include AWS Shield, WAF, CloudFront, and/or API Gateway.

Centralized Security Information and Event Management

Security events and alerts are aggregated to and correlated by one or both of the following solutions:

  • Prisma Cloud and Sumo Logic
  • Internally developed security automation tooling

Threat Intelligence Monitoring

NH-ISAC

LifeOmic is an active member of the National Health Information Sharing and Analysis Center (NH-ISAC).

LifeOmic Security team is subscribed to receive threat alerts from NH-ISAC.

Intelligence Feeds

Additional intelligence feeds are received automatically through some of the 3rd party security solutions that have been implemented on the networks and/or endpoints. The data gathered through these external intel feeds is automatically used by the security solutions to analyze events and generate alerts.

Regulatory Requirements Updates

The Security and Privacy Officer actively monitors the regulatory compliance landscape for updates to regulations such as HIPAA, PCI and GDPR.